Real Estate Investment Loan Types

Real estate investment loans are a popular way for investors to purchase and renovate property. These loans often have lower credit requirements and shorter repayment terms than traditional mortgages.


Whether you want to buy a rental property or flip it for profit, you need to understand the ins and outs of these financing options. Read on to learn more about investment property mortgage rates and qualifying requirements.

Hard money loan

Hard money loans are a popular source of financing for real estate investments. These loans are secured by the property itself, and borrowers do not have to worry about their credit score or debt-to-income ratio. In addition, the approval process for hard money loans is much quicker than traditional mortgages. The average hard money loan takes about 7-10 business days to close. This makes them the ideal choice for investors who need quick access to capital.

Another benefit of hard money loans is that they don’t require as much personal information as conventional lenders. While a hard money lender will still perform credit checks and evaluate your financial situation, they are more concerned with the value of the collateral securing the loan. This means that if you fail to repay the loan, they can take possession of your property and sell it for cash.

When choosing a hard money lender, it is important to look at their fees and interest rates. These rates can vary significantly between lenders. It is also important to consider the length of the loan term. If you choose a short loan term, it may be difficult to turn the property into a profitable investment. Lastly, it is important to have an exit strategy for your property, such as selling it or refinancing the loan.

Conventional loan

Conventional loans are mortgages offered by private lenders. They can be fixed or adjustable, and they are available in a variety of terms, including 15- and 30-year. In addition to being more flexible, conventional loans often come with lower interest rates than government-backed mortgage programs. They also have more rigorous qualifications, including a higher credit score (620 or above) and a 45% debt-to-income ratio (the total monthly recurring payments divided by your monthly income).

Conventionals are grouped into two categories: conforming and non-conforming. Conforming mortgages adhere to guidelines imposed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which buy mortgages from banks. These include loan limits and underwriting requirements. Non-conforming loans can be either jumbo mortgages, which exceed the loan limits imposed by Fannie and Freddie Mac, or niche products for special circumstances. Before Dodd-Frank, they also included riskier products such as negative amortization and balloon payments.

Conventional mortgages can be used to purchase a primary home, second home or investment property. In general, they are less expensive than government-backed mortgages, and they require a larger down payment. Conventional lenders may also offer flexible repayment terms, which can make it easier to build equity over time. In addition, conventional mortgages are less likely to require PMI than government-backed loans. However, conventional mortgages typically have higher credit requirements, and some lenders do not allow you to roll closing costs into your mortgage.

Private equity loan

Private equity firms are a great source of cash infusion for real estate projects. They also provide a greater level of flexibility than traditional banks or lending institutions. For instance, private equity firms do not follow the same strict rules and regulations as banks, which gives them more freedom to act quickly. However, this type of financing comes with risks.

One of the main benefits of private equity is that it can increase a company’s valuation before an initial public offering (IPO). This is important because the company must have enough money to support its growth strategy.

A private equity loan investor is a person who offers you funds for your project and will enter into a partnership with you. This is a different approach to financing than going through an impersonal bank or financial institution, and it gives you someone to bounce ideas off of and work with when things go wrong.

Private equity lenders can be conventional or non-traditional, with financial institutions falling into the former category while high net worth individuals and various funds fall into the latter. Both groups will do due diligence on your property before giving you the cash. Private equity investors are more willing to work through problems with real estate investors than a bank, which may pull funding mid-project.

Government-sponsored loan

A government-sponsored loan is a type of mortgage that is guaranteed by the federal government. These loans can be used to purchase or refinance commercial or residential property, and they can also be purchased by private investors. Government-sponsored enterprises, or GSEs, are Congressionally chartered to improve the flow of credit in different areas of the economy, including housing. The most well-known GSEs are Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which play a big role in the mortgage market. These entities make homeownership more accessible by providing liquidity, affordability and credit stability to lenders. In addition, they provide a safety net in the event of economic turmoil. These benefits have helped to fuel the real estate market.

GSEs work by purchasing and reselling third-party mortgages. They then back up these loans with initial capital, which comes from taxpayers.